General Dentistry

root canal / endodontics

What is a Root Canal or Endodontic Treatment?

Root canal treatment is a safe way to save a diseased or injured tooth without removing it, as the tooth’s root will still maintain a healthy status.

What lies within our tooth from the crown of the tooth to the tip of the root is an area of soft tissue called the Pulp, which contains the tooth’s nerves and blood vessel. The pulp brings nourishment to a developing tooth and maintains its vitality in a fully formed tooth.

Within the pulp, there are root canals which are very small, thin divisions. These canals branch off from the top pulp chamber down to the tip of the root. A tooth has at least one but generally no more than four root canals within the pulp.

When the pulp is infected or injured from a cracked or a deep cavity, it allows germs enter the pulp and often causes pain and swelling. If left untreated, the nerve inside dies and the infection may spread and cause an abscess.

Your Visits

Treatment can be varied from one to three visits depending on the condition of the tooth.

1. An access hole is opened from the crown of the tooth into the pulp chamber.

2. The pulp is cleaned and reshaped.

3. Medication may be inserted into the area.

4. The crown may then be sealed temporarily or the tooth may be left open to drain for a few days.

5. If it is appropriate the root canals may be filled and permanently sealed.

6. The tooth crown is then restored. A non-vital tooth or a root treated tooth is generally weakened due to the change of tooth structure from the lack of nutrition supplied by the pulp and the large cavity created from the decay. It is generally recommended the tooth to be restored with a protective crown or cap to avoid cracking of the tooth accidentally from biting.


Long Lasting Results

Generally, root canal treatment can help to save our teeth for a long period of time. However, it depends on the care of our teeth and gums. Regular checkups are always necessary.

Examinations, hygiene & X-rays Extractions/Wisdom Teeth
Fillings Root Canal/Endodontics
Gum disease Fluoride and fissure sealant